In colonial times, beans were slowly baked in molasses, making them a favorite food for those living in Boston, and thus giving it the nickname “Beantown.” Other popular foods in Boston are seafood and dairy. The first free library in the country was started in Boston in the mid 1800s. Performing arts are a major part of life in Boston. Many orchestras, ballets, and theaters have performances throughout the year. Boston is working to create more buildings that are deemed “green” or have better energy efficiency. Boston is home to the “Emerald Necklace” which is a series of parks that surround the city. Boston has a bike sharing system which started in the 2000s. The city also has a founding member of Major League Baseball, the Boston Red Sox. They play at one of the oldest stadiums in the country, Fenway Park. One of the first games of the modern World Series was played in Boston.
Before and after the American Revolution, Boston was a major manufacturing and port city. Boston is considered the oldest continuously operated port in the Western Hemisphere. Today, tourism, law, business, engineering and upper education through universities and colleges play a key role in Boston’s economy. Many people from other countries come to Boston to see the historical sites around the city, which can be found along the Freedom Trail. The schools in Boston are one of the biggest employers in the area. Textbook printers, Bedford-St. Martin’s Press and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt have headquarters in Boston. For many reasons, Boston has one of the highest numbers of pedestrian and bicycling commuters in the United States. Many athletic companies, such as Puma, New Balance and Reebok have offices in or around the Boston area. All of this helps Boston to rank in the top 30 most economically powerful cities in the world.