Phoenix gets its name from being a city born from the ruins of another civilization. Native people originally settled the area but are believed to have abandoned the area in the late 1300s. With the railroad and airplanes coming to town in the early 1900s, Phoenix became a trade center. During World War II, Phoenix became an industrial city with the distribution of military supplies. Phoenix is the only state capital with over a million residents. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state. This is reflected through the buildings located in Phoenix, such as the Phoenix Symphony Hall, the Herberger Theater Center, and Gammage Auditorium, which was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Phoenix is home to the North American Monsoon in the summer. While Phoenix has a diverse cuisine, it is well known for steakhouses and Mexican food. However, the most well-known might be McDonalds, which opened in the 1950s in the north part of Phoenix.
Phoenix has a canal system, originally created by the Hohokam people, which helped the crop economy thrive until after World War II. After the war high-tech companies, like Motorola and Intel moved to the area. Electronic manufacturing and tourism are a major part of the Phoenix economy, while real estate, retail and healthcare also top the list. Some companies that call Phoenix home are U-HAUL, Best Western and Honeywell Aerospace. The military also plays a part in the economy with Luke Air Force Base in the west part of Phoenix. A few of the attractions that bring in tourists to Phoenix are golf, the largest privately owned zoo in the country, many parks and gardens and NASCAR events. Phoenix has one of the ten busiest airports in the country, Phoenix Sky Harbor International, and several smaller airports in the area, which makes getting to Phoenix easier than some other places. The arts have helped to develop the downtown area economy with galleries and sculptures. All of these and more contribute to the economic climate of Phoenix.